Island einwohner em

island einwohner em

Okt. Schließlich ist Island das der Einwohnerzahl nach bisher kleinste Land, das an In Island beginnt der Fußball den bis dahin dominierenden. Island (isländisch Ísland von ís „Eis“ und land „Land“) ist mit rund km² ( Landfläche: Die Einwohner (März ) leben in dem am dünnsten besiedelten Land Europas. Über 60 Prozent der isländischen Bevölkerung. Dieser Artikel behandelt die isländische Fußballnationalmannschaft bei der Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft Island nahm zum ersten Mal an der Endrunde und nach der EM-Teilnahme mit den wenigsten Einwohnern ab und war mit Einwohnern der erste WM-Teilnehmer mit weniger als 1 Million Einwohnern. Presidenten har formellt sett relativt starka maktbefogenheter. Staten IslandNew York Bay. Sf lotte liveticker operations have largely been phased out or significantly diminished. Retrieved from " https: The Metropolitan Beste Spielothek in Kleinzerbst finden Authority has operated the LIRR as one of its online casino australia paysafe commuter railroads sinceand the Book of ra deluxe online trick is one of the few railroads worldwide that provides service all the timeyear round. Detsamma gäller om presidenten är förhindrad, sjuk eller dylikt. Den 17 juni löpte Islands unionsavtal med Danmark ut. Retrieved April 30, Another category of sporting events popular in this region involves firematic racing events, involving many local volunteer fire departments. Long Island Native name: Vineyards are most heavily concentrated on Long Island's North Forkwhich contains 38 wineries. Views Read Edit View history. Long Island's population is greater than 37 of the 50 U. Also, the eyewall of Hurricane Bob in brushed the eastern tip. Diese fehlgeleitete Vorstellung von Island könnte auch mit der entspannten Einstellung der Isländer gegenüber Nacktheit und Sex zusammenhängen. Sollte die Mannschaft die wm qualifikation heute Gruppe mit Argentinien, Kroatien und Nigeria überstehen, wird sich wohl wie vor zwei Jahren halb Island in Bewegung setzen, um ins Gastgeberland zu pilgern. Um dorthin zu gelangen, musst du dich allerdings ein bisschen anstrengen: Es gibt zudem die Möglichkeit, den Wasserfall von oben zu bestaunen — du musst einfach nur die Treppe daneben hinaufklettern. Das schöne ist jedoch, dass viele die langen Tage schnell in ihren Alltag integrieren und im Sommer aktiver sind. Die Höhle ist erst seit Sommer für die Öffentlichkeit geöffnet. Die durchschnittliche Windgeschwindigkeit liegt Anfang Oktober bei ca. Und falls man tatsächlich totale Dunkelheit deutschland frankreich testspiel seine Nachtruhe benötigt gibt es da die geniale Erfindung der Vorhänge - die haben wir auch in Island. Die Währungskonsolidierung wird weiter ein Reel steal spielen sein. Wenn du mehr als einen Tag Zeit hast, kannst du deine Nordlichter-Jagd auch mit der Erkundung einer seltenen Eishöhle kombinieren.

Island Einwohner Em Video

What If Only 100 People Existed on Earth?

During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians.

A number of structures from this era remain. Also in existence is a reconstruction of Brooklyn's Old Stone House , on the site of the Maryland 's celebrated last stand during the Battle of Long Island.

In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture. The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston.

Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas.

For the century from until , total population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan.

Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge , the only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat or ship.

As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city.

At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau County communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views.

Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. Morgan , William K. Vanderbilt , and Charles Pratt , whose estates led to this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast.

This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby , which has also been adapted in films.

Charles Lindbergh lifted off from Roosevelt Field with his Spirit of Saint Louis for his historic solo flight to Europe, one of the events that helped to establish Long Island as an early center of aviation during the 20th Century.

Other famous aviators such as Wiley Post originated notable flights from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, which became the first major airport serving New York City before it was superseded by the opening of La Guardia Airport in Aircraft production on Long Island extended all the way into the Space Age — Grumman was one of the major contractors that helped to build the early lunar flight and space shuttle vehicles.

Although the aircraft companies eventually ended their Long Island operations and the early airports were all later closed — Roosevelt Field, for instance, became the site of a major shopping mall — the Cradle of Aviation Museum on the site of the former Mitchel Field documents the Island's key role in the history of aviation.

From the s to the s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms as developers created numerous suburbs. Robert Moses engineered various automobile parkway projects to span the island, and developed beaches and state parks for the enjoyment of residents and visitors from the city.

Gradually, development also followed these parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes.

Second and third-generation children of immigrants moved out to eastern Long Island to settle in new housing developments built during the post-war boom.

Levittown became noted as a suburb, where housing construction was simplified to be produced on a large scale. These provided opportunities for World War II military veterans returning home to buy houses and start a family.

By the start of the 21st century, a number of Long Island communities had successfully converted their assets from industrial uses to post-industrial roles.

Brooklyn reversed decades of population decline and factory closings to resurface as a globally renowned cultural and intellectual hotbed.

Gentrification has affected much of Brooklyn and a portion of Queens, relocating a sizeable swath of New York City's population. On eastern Long Island, such villages as Port Jefferson , Patchogue , and Riverhead have been changed from inactive shipbuilding and mill towns into tourist-centric commercial centers with cultural attractions.

The descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants from southern and eastern Europe , and black migrants from the South, have been followed by more recent immigrants from Asia and Latin America.

Long Island has many ethnic Irish , Jews , and Italians , as well as an increasing numbers of Asians and Hispanics , reflecting later migrations.

The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk Counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" usually refers only to Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

Maine that Long Island, while geographically an island, was not an island for legal purposes, given that New York State's boundaries contained its offshore soil and seabeds.

Nassau County is more densely developed than Suffolk County. While affluent overall, Nassau County has pockets of more pronounced wealth with estates covering greater acreage within the Gold Coast of the North Shore and the Five Towns area on the South Shore.

South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands of the island and contain white sandy beaches of Outer Barrier Islands fronting on the Atlantic Ocean.

Dutch and English settlers from the time before the American Revolutionary War , as well as communities of Native Americans, populated the island.

The 19th century saw the infusion of the wealthiest Americans in the so-called Gold Coast of the North Shore , where wealthy Americans and Europeans in the Gilded Age built lavish country homes.

In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains semi-rural, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptons , although summer tourism swells the population in those areas.

The Pine Barrens is a preserved pine forest encompassing much of eastern Suffolk County. A detailed geomorphological study of Long Island provides evidence of glacial history of the kame and terminal moraines of the island which were formed by the advance and retreat of two ice sheets.

These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the Ice Ages some 21, years ago 19, BC.

The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway.

The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier. One part of the outwash plain was known as the Hempstead Plains , and this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains.

The North Shore beaches are rocky from the remaining glacial debris, while the South Shore's are crisp, clear, outwash sand. Under the Köppen climate classification , Long Island lies in a transition zone between a humid subtropical climate Cfa and a humid continental climate Dfa.

Springs can be cool and sometimes gloomy due to the relatively cooler temperatures of the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean also brings afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms.

Long Island has a moderately sunny climate, averaging 2, to 2, hours of sunshine annually. Due to its coastal location, Long Island winter temperatures are significantly milder than most of the state.

Long Island temperatures vary from west to east, with the western part Nassau County, Queens, and Brooklyn generally warmer than the east Suffolk County.

This is due to several factors: Also, daytime high temperatures on the eastern part of Long Island are cooler on most occasions due to moderation of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound.

On dry nights with no clouds or wind, the Pine Barrens forest of eastern Suffolk County can be almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit 11 degrees Celsius cooler than the rest of the island due to radiational cooling.

On August 13, , flash flooding occurred in western-central Suffolk County after a record-setting rainfall deposited more than three months' worth of precipitation on the area within a few hours.

Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to tropical cyclones. Other 20th-century storms that made landfall on Long Island at hurricane intensity include the Great Atlantic Hurricane of , Hurricane Donna in , Hurricane Belle in , and Hurricane Gloria in Also, the eyewall of Hurricane Bob in brushed the eastern tip.

In August , portions of Long Island were evacuated in preparation for Hurricane Irene , a Category 1 hurricane which weakened to a tropical storm before it reached Long Island.

On October 29, , Hurricane Sandy caused extensive damage to low-lying coastal areas of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Brooklyn, and Queens, destroying or severely damaging thousands of area homes and other structures by ocean and bay storm surges.

Hundreds of thousands of residents were left without electric power for periods of time ranging up to several weeks while the damage was being repaired.

The extent of Sandy's damages is second only to those caused by the Long Island Express , when adjusted for inflation.

Although a lower central pressure was recorded in Sandy, the National Hurricane Center estimates that the hurricane had a lower pressure at landfall.

Several smaller islands, though geographically distinct, are in proximity to Long Island and are often grouped with it. Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States.

Long Island's population is greater than 37 of the 50 U. As of the census, the combined population of Nassau and Suffolk Counties was 2,, people; Suffolk County's share being 1,, and Nassau County's 1,, Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the census as growth and development continued to spread eastward.

As Suffolk County has more than three times the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density. According to the U.

Census Bureau 's American Community Survey , Nassau and Suffolk Counties had the 10th and 26th highest median household incomes in the nation, respectively.

Population figures from the U. Census Bureau Census [62] show that whites are the largest racial group in all four counties, and are in the majority in Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

In contrast, Queens is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States and the most diverse urban area in the world. According to a report on religion, which asked congregations to respond, Catholics are the largest religious group on Long Island, with non-affiliated in second place.

A growing population of nearly half million Chinese Americans now live on Long Island. It is expanding eastward along Northern Boulevard [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] and into Nassau County.

Both reservations are in Suffolk County. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin.

A article in The New York Times stated that the expansion of the immigrant workforce on Long Island has not displaced any jobs from other Long Island residents.

Half of the immigrants on Long Island hold white-collar positions. The Counties of Nassau and Suffolk have been long renowned for their affluence.

In , according to Business Insider , the zip code encompassing Sagaponack , within Southampton , was listed as the most expensive in the U.

Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratory in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research.

Companies such as Sperry Rand , Computer Associates headquartered in Islandia , Zebra Technologies now occupying the former headquarters of Symbol Technologies , and a former Grumman plant in Holtsville , have made Long Island a center for the computer industry.

Long Island is home to the East Coast 's largest industrial park , the Hauppauge Industrial Park, hosting over 1, companies which employ more than 71, individuals.

Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural.

Development of vineyards on the North Fork has spawned a major viticultural industry, replacing potato fields.

Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year.

Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Huntington , Northport , Montauk , and other coastal communities of the East End and South Shore.

From about to about , Long Island was considered one of the aerospace manufacturing centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft , Republic , Fairchild , and Curtiss having had their headquarters and factories on Long Island.

These operations have largely been phased out or significantly diminished. Nassau County and Suffolk County each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each.

Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, including district attorney , county clerk, and county comptroller. The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council.

Nassau County is divided into three towns and two small incorporated cities Glen Cove and Long Beach. Suffolk County is divided into ten towns.

Brooklyn and Queens , on the other hand, do not have county governments. As boroughs of New York City, both have borough presidents , which have been largely ceremonial offices since the shutdown of the New York City Board of Estimate.

The respective Borough Presidents are responsible for appointing individuals to the Brooklyn Community Boards and Queens Community Boards , each of which serves an advisory function on local issues.

Brooklyn's sixteen members and Queens' fourteen members represent the first and second largest borough contingents of the New York City Council.

Nassau and Suffolk Counties are served by the Nassau County Police Department and Suffolk County Police Department , respectively, although several dozen villages and the two cities in Nassau County have their own police departments.

The Nassau County Sheriff's Department and Suffolk County Sheriff's Office handle civil procedure , evictions, warrant service and enforcement, prisoner transport and detention, and operation of the county jail.

New York State Police patrol state parks and parkways. The secession of Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island from New York was proposed as early as , but talk was revived towards the latter part of the twentieth century.

Nassau County executive Ed Mangano came out in support of such a proposal in April and commissioned a study on it.

Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including aviation from John F. There are historic and modern bridges, and recreational and commuter trails , serving various parts of Long Island.

There are currently ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island.

Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties a proposed bridge or tunnel that would link Long Island to the south with New York or Connecticut to the north across Long Island Sound have been discussed for decades, but there are currently no firm plans to construct such a crossing.

Its agencies serve Combined the MTA agencies now move more than 2. Chartered on April 24, , and operating continuously since, it is also the oldest railroad in the U.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority has operated the LIRR as one of its two commuter railroads since , and the LIRR is one of the few railroads worldwide that provides service all the time , year round.

The Long Island Expressway , Northern State Parkway , and Southern State Parkway , all products of the automobile-centered planning of Robert Moses , are the island's primary east-west high-speed controlled-access highways.

Roads in boldface are limited access roads. Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk County eastwards.

Winston airport shuttle, the oldest of these companies in business since , was the first to introduce door-to-door shared-ride service to and from the major airports, which almost all transportation companies now utilize.

Many public and private high schools on Long Island are ranked among the best in the United States.

Long Island is home to a range of higher-education institutions, both public and private. Brooklyn and Queens contain five of eleven senior colleges within CUNY , the public university system of New York City and one of the largest in the country.

Among these are the notable institutions of Brooklyn College and Queens College. Several colleges and universities within the State University of New York system are located on Long Island, such as Stony Brook which noted its health sciences research and medical center , as well as Nassau Community College and Suffolk County Community College that serve their respective counties.

Post campus , located on a former Gold Coast estate in Brookville , and a satellite campus in downtown Brooklyn.

Music on Long Island Nassau and Suffolk is strongly influenced by the proximity to New York City and by the youth culture of the suburbs.

Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time.

Rock and pop singer Billy Joel grew up in Hicksville , Long Island and his youthful life there is reflected in some of his music.

The Nassau Coliseum and Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater are venues used by national touring acts as performance spaces for concerts.

It is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months. It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year which fills the stands.

People also park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches. Long Island is also known for its school music programs.

Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the statewide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups.

Long Island has historically been a center for fishing and seafood. This legacy continues in the Blue Point oyster , a now ubiquitous variety that was originally harvested on the Great South Bay and was the favorite oyster of Queen Victoria.

Clams are also a popular food and clam digging a popular recreational pursuit, with Manhattan clam chowder reputed to have Long Island origins.

Of land-based produce, Long Island duck has a history of national recognition since the 19th century, with four duck farms continuing to produce 2 million ducks a year as of [update].

In addition to Long Island's duck industry, Riverhead contains one of the largest buffalo farms on the East coast. Long Island is well known for its production of alcoholic beverages.

Eastern Long Island is a significant producer of wines. Vineyards are most heavily concentrated on Long Island's North Fork , which contains 38 wineries.

Most of these contain tasting rooms, which serve as popular tourist attractions for visitors from across the New York metropolitan area.

The largest of these is Blue Point Brewing Company , best known for its toasted lager. The eateries on Long Island are largely a product of the region's local ethnic populations.

Asian cuisines , Italian cuisine , Jewish cuisine , and Latin American cuisines were the most popular categories of ethnic cuisine on Long Island as of the second decade of the s.

Jewish cuisine is likewise represented by delicatessens and bagel stores. Latin American cuisines span their geographical origins, [] ranging from Brazilian rodizios to Mexican taquerias.

Their former stadium, Shea Stadium was also home for the New York Jets football team from until An artificial turf baseball complex named Baseball Heaven is located in Yaphank.

The Barclays Center , a sports arena , business, and residential complex built partly on a platform over the Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn, is the current home of the Brooklyn Nets basketball team and the New York Islanders hockey team.

The move from New Jersey in the summer of marked the return to Long Island for the Nets franchise, which played at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale from to The Islanders played at Nassau Coliseum from their inception through Ebbets Field, which stood in Brooklyn from until its demolition in , was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, who moved to California after the Major League Baseball season to become the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Despite this success during the latter part of the team's stay in Brooklyn, they were a second-division team with an unspectacular winning record for much of their history there — but nonetheless became legendary for the almost-fanatical devotion of the Brooklynites who packed the relatively small ballpark to vigorously root for the team they affectionately called, "Dem Bums".

Loss of the Dodgers to California was locally considered a civic tragedy that negatively affected the community far more than did the similar moves of other established teams to new cities in the s, including the Dodgers' long-time arch-rival New York Giants , who also left for California after Their stadium, Bethpage Ballpark , is located in Central Islip.

Shuart Stadium in Hempstead. Long Island has historically been a hotbed of lacrosse at the youth and college level, which made way for a Major League Lacrosse team in , the Long Island Lizards.

Long Island has a wide variety of golf courses found all over the island. Open tournaments as well as several other top level international championships.

Queens also hosts one of the four tennis grand slams, the US Open. The complex also contains the biggest tennis stadium in the world, the Arthur Ashe Stadium.

The longest dirt thoroughbred racecourse in the world is also located at Belmont Park. Another category of sporting events popular in this region involves firematic racing events, involving many local volunteer fire departments.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Han seglade runt ön och övervintrade där. Sommaren därefter, vid ankomsten till Norge , prisade han ön: Norge och Island bildade en union.

Detta innebar bland annat att Danmark skötte Islands utrikespolitik, medan Island hade självstyre i det mesta och hade gemensam konung personalunion med Danmark.

Under andra världskriget blev Danmark ockuperat av Tyskland , men Island blev i stället ockuperat av Storbritannien. Den 17 juni löpte Islands unionsavtal med Danmark ut.

Efter en folkomröstning utropade sig landet som republik. Island är en öbildning genom vulkanism och detta präglar landets geologiska karaktär.

Bland öarna finner man Västmannaöarna vid sydkusten isländska Vestmannaeyjar , varav endast en ö, Hemön , är bebodd. Ostkusten berörs av en annan, nordostlig polarström.

Det centrala höglandet är den kallaste delen av Island. Det enda inhemska däggdjuret som fanns när människorna kom var fjällräven , som vid den senaste istiden invandrat till Island över det frusna havet.

Bland övriga däggdjur märks minken , som är inplanterad. Isbjörnar , drivande med isflak, har tillfälligt iakttagits utanför kusten. Sälar och valar är däremot vanliga; totalt har Island 17 olika valarter [ 12 ].

Detsamma gäller om presidenten är förhindrad, sjuk eller dylikt. Presidenten har formellt sett relativt starka maktbefogenheter. Regeringen lade fram ett förslag om att ansöka om EU-medlemskap.

Islands regering ansökte om EU-medlemskap den 17 juli Island har ingen egen försvarsmakt. Landets strategiskt viktiga läge gav det dock en nyckelposition under det kalla kriget.

Island var ett av de länder som var med och bildade Nato I april undertecknade Island och Norge ett avtal som innebär att Norge ska sörja för övervakning och försvar av Islands luftrum.

Den högsta tjänstegraden är överste. För närvarande finns sedan sex olika valkretsar. Bankerna satsade därefter internationellt och öppnade upp i andra länder och köpte även upp företag i bland annat Storbritannien och Skandinavien.

Ekonomin kraschade och tre banker gick i konkurs , med en ökande arbetslöshet som följd. Staten tog över bankerna Kaupthing, Landsbanki och Glitnir i ett försök att stabilisera ekonomin.

De hölls ansvariga för krisen och straffades för det. Alliansen och Vänstern-De gröna fick tillsammans majoritet i alltinget.

Adriaen Block followed in and is credited as the first European to determine that both Manhattan and Long Island are islands. Native American land deeds recorded by the Dutch from state that the Indians referred to Long Island as Sewanhaka Sewanhacky and Sewanhacking were other spellings in the transliteration of Lenape.

It is unclear when the name "Nassau Island" was discontinued. The very first settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England.

Lion Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island. The first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21, , when Southold was established by the Rev.

John Youngs and settlers from New Haven , Connecticut. Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first.

He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year. Hempstead followed in , East Hampton in , Huntington in , Brookhaven in , and Smithtown in While the eastern region of Long Island was first settled by the English, the western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch; until , the jurisdiction of Long Island was split between the Dutch and English, roughly at the present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County.

The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in Settlers throughout Suffolk County pressed to stay part of Connecticut, but Governor Sir Edmund Andros threatened to eliminate the settlers' rights to land if they did not yield, which they did by In , Yorkshire was dissolved and the three original counties on Long Island were established: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk.

Early in the American Revolutionary War , the island was captured by the British from General George Washington in the Battle of Long Island , a decisive battle after which Washington narrowly evacuated his troops from Brooklyn Heights under a dense fog.

The island remained a British stronghold until the end of the war in General Washington based his espionage activities on Long Island, due to the western part of the island's proximity to the British military headquarters in New York City.

This ring alerted Washington to valuable British secrets, including the treason of Benedict Arnold and a plan to use counterfeiting to induce economic sabotage.

Long Island's colonists served both Loyalist and Patriot causes, with many prominent families divided among both sides. During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians.

A number of structures from this era remain. Also in existence is a reconstruction of Brooklyn's Old Stone House , on the site of the Maryland 's celebrated last stand during the Battle of Long Island.

In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture. The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston.

Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas.

For the century from until , total population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan.

Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge , the only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat or ship.

As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city.

At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau County communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views.

Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. Morgan , William K. Vanderbilt , and Charles Pratt , whose estates led to this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast.

This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby , which has also been adapted in films. Charles Lindbergh lifted off from Roosevelt Field with his Spirit of Saint Louis for his historic solo flight to Europe, one of the events that helped to establish Long Island as an early center of aviation during the 20th Century.

Other famous aviators such as Wiley Post originated notable flights from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, which became the first major airport serving New York City before it was superseded by the opening of La Guardia Airport in Aircraft production on Long Island extended all the way into the Space Age — Grumman was one of the major contractors that helped to build the early lunar flight and space shuttle vehicles.

Although the aircraft companies eventually ended their Long Island operations and the early airports were all later closed — Roosevelt Field, for instance, became the site of a major shopping mall — the Cradle of Aviation Museum on the site of the former Mitchel Field documents the Island's key role in the history of aviation.

From the s to the s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms as developers created numerous suburbs. Robert Moses engineered various automobile parkway projects to span the island, and developed beaches and state parks for the enjoyment of residents and visitors from the city.

Gradually, development also followed these parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes. Second and third-generation children of immigrants moved out to eastern Long Island to settle in new housing developments built during the post-war boom.

Levittown became noted as a suburb, where housing construction was simplified to be produced on a large scale. These provided opportunities for World War II military veterans returning home to buy houses and start a family.

By the start of the 21st century, a number of Long Island communities had successfully converted their assets from industrial uses to post-industrial roles.

Brooklyn reversed decades of population decline and factory closings to resurface as a globally renowned cultural and intellectual hotbed.

Gentrification has affected much of Brooklyn and a portion of Queens, relocating a sizeable swath of New York City's population. On eastern Long Island, such villages as Port Jefferson , Patchogue , and Riverhead have been changed from inactive shipbuilding and mill towns into tourist-centric commercial centers with cultural attractions.

The descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants from southern and eastern Europe , and black migrants from the South, have been followed by more recent immigrants from Asia and Latin America.

Long Island has many ethnic Irish , Jews , and Italians , as well as an increasing numbers of Asians and Hispanics , reflecting later migrations.

The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk Counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" usually refers only to Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

Maine that Long Island, while geographically an island, was not an island for legal purposes, given that New York State's boundaries contained its offshore soil and seabeds.

Nassau County is more densely developed than Suffolk County. While affluent overall, Nassau County has pockets of more pronounced wealth with estates covering greater acreage within the Gold Coast of the North Shore and the Five Towns area on the South Shore.

South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands of the island and contain white sandy beaches of Outer Barrier Islands fronting on the Atlantic Ocean.

Dutch and English settlers from the time before the American Revolutionary War , as well as communities of Native Americans, populated the island.

The 19th century saw the infusion of the wealthiest Americans in the so-called Gold Coast of the North Shore , where wealthy Americans and Europeans in the Gilded Age built lavish country homes.

In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains semi-rural, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptons , although summer tourism swells the population in those areas.

The Pine Barrens is a preserved pine forest encompassing much of eastern Suffolk County. A detailed geomorphological study of Long Island provides evidence of glacial history of the kame and terminal moraines of the island which were formed by the advance and retreat of two ice sheets.

These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the Ice Ages some 21, years ago 19, BC.

The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway.

The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier. One part of the outwash plain was known as the Hempstead Plains , and this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains.

The North Shore beaches are rocky from the remaining glacial debris, while the South Shore's are crisp, clear, outwash sand. Under the Köppen climate classification , Long Island lies in a transition zone between a humid subtropical climate Cfa and a humid continental climate Dfa.

Springs can be cool and sometimes gloomy due to the relatively cooler temperatures of the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean also brings afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms.

Long Island has a moderately sunny climate, averaging 2, to 2, hours of sunshine annually. Due to its coastal location, Long Island winter temperatures are significantly milder than most of the state.

Long Island temperatures vary from west to east, with the western part Nassau County, Queens, and Brooklyn generally warmer than the east Suffolk County.

This is due to several factors: Also, daytime high temperatures on the eastern part of Long Island are cooler on most occasions due to moderation of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound.

On dry nights with no clouds or wind, the Pine Barrens forest of eastern Suffolk County can be almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit 11 degrees Celsius cooler than the rest of the island due to radiational cooling.

On August 13, , flash flooding occurred in western-central Suffolk County after a record-setting rainfall deposited more than three months' worth of precipitation on the area within a few hours.

Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to tropical cyclones. Other 20th-century storms that made landfall on Long Island at hurricane intensity include the Great Atlantic Hurricane of , Hurricane Donna in , Hurricane Belle in , and Hurricane Gloria in Also, the eyewall of Hurricane Bob in brushed the eastern tip.

In August , portions of Long Island were evacuated in preparation for Hurricane Irene , a Category 1 hurricane which weakened to a tropical storm before it reached Long Island.

On October 29, , Hurricane Sandy caused extensive damage to low-lying coastal areas of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Brooklyn, and Queens, destroying or severely damaging thousands of area homes and other structures by ocean and bay storm surges.

Hundreds of thousands of residents were left without electric power for periods of time ranging up to several weeks while the damage was being repaired.

The extent of Sandy's damages is second only to those caused by the Long Island Express , when adjusted for inflation. Although a lower central pressure was recorded in Sandy, the National Hurricane Center estimates that the hurricane had a lower pressure at landfall.

Several smaller islands, though geographically distinct, are in proximity to Long Island and are often grouped with it.

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. Long Island's population is greater than 37 of the 50 U.

As of the census, the combined population of Nassau and Suffolk Counties was 2,, people; Suffolk County's share being 1,, and Nassau County's 1,, Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the census as growth and development continued to spread eastward.

As Suffolk County has more than three times the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density.

According to the U. Census Bureau 's American Community Survey , Nassau and Suffolk Counties had the 10th and 26th highest median household incomes in the nation, respectively.

Population figures from the U. Census Bureau Census [62] show that whites are the largest racial group in all four counties, and are in the majority in Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

In contrast, Queens is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States and the most diverse urban area in the world. According to a report on religion, which asked congregations to respond, Catholics are the largest religious group on Long Island, with non-affiliated in second place.

A growing population of nearly half million Chinese Americans now live on Long Island. It is expanding eastward along Northern Boulevard [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] and into Nassau County.

Both reservations are in Suffolk County. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin. A article in The New York Times stated that the expansion of the immigrant workforce on Long Island has not displaced any jobs from other Long Island residents.

Half of the immigrants on Long Island hold white-collar positions. The Counties of Nassau and Suffolk have been long renowned for their affluence.

In , according to Business Insider , the zip code encompassing Sagaponack , within Southampton , was listed as the most expensive in the U.

Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratory in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research.

Companies such as Sperry Rand , Computer Associates headquartered in Islandia , Zebra Technologies now occupying the former headquarters of Symbol Technologies , and a former Grumman plant in Holtsville , have made Long Island a center for the computer industry.

Long Island is home to the East Coast 's largest industrial park , the Hauppauge Industrial Park, hosting over 1, companies which employ more than 71, individuals.

Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural.

Development of vineyards on the North Fork has spawned a major viticultural industry, replacing potato fields.

Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year. Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Huntington , Northport , Montauk , and other coastal communities of the East End and South Shore.

From about to about , Long Island was considered one of the aerospace manufacturing centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft , Republic , Fairchild , and Curtiss having had their headquarters and factories on Long Island.

These operations have largely been phased out or significantly diminished. Nassau County and Suffolk County each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each.

Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, including district attorney , county clerk, and county comptroller. The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council.

Nassau County is divided into three towns and two small incorporated cities Glen Cove and Long Beach. Suffolk County is divided into ten towns. Brooklyn and Queens , on the other hand, do not have county governments.

As boroughs of New York City, both have borough presidents , which have been largely ceremonial offices since the shutdown of the New York City Board of Estimate.

The respective Borough Presidents are responsible for appointing individuals to the Brooklyn Community Boards and Queens Community Boards , each of which serves an advisory function on local issues.

Brooklyn's sixteen members and Queens' fourteen members represent the first and second largest borough contingents of the New York City Council.

Nassau and Suffolk Counties are served by the Nassau County Police Department and Suffolk County Police Department , respectively, although several dozen villages and the two cities in Nassau County have their own police departments.

The Nassau County Sheriff's Department and Suffolk County Sheriff's Office handle civil procedure , evictions, warrant service and enforcement, prisoner transport and detention, and operation of the county jail.

New York State Police patrol state parks and parkways. The secession of Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island from New York was proposed as early as , but talk was revived towards the latter part of the twentieth century.

Nassau County executive Ed Mangano came out in support of such a proposal in April and commissioned a study on it.

Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including aviation from John F. There are historic and modern bridges, and recreational and commuter trails , serving various parts of Long Island.

There are currently ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island.

Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties a proposed bridge or tunnel that would link Long Island to the south with New York or Connecticut to the north across Long Island Sound have been discussed for decades, but there are currently no firm plans to construct such a crossing.

Its agencies serve Combined the MTA agencies now move more than 2. Chartered on April 24, , and operating continuously since, it is also the oldest railroad in the U.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority has operated the LIRR as one of its two commuter railroads since , and the LIRR is one of the few railroads worldwide that provides service all the time , year round.

The Long Island Expressway , Northern State Parkway , and Southern State Parkway , all products of the automobile-centered planning of Robert Moses , are the island's primary east-west high-speed controlled-access highways.

Roads in boldface are limited access roads. Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk County eastwards.

Winston airport shuttle, the oldest of these companies in business since , was the first to introduce door-to-door shared-ride service to and from the major airports, which almost all transportation companies now utilize.

Many public and private high schools on Long Island are ranked among the best in the United States. Long Island is home to a range of higher-education institutions, both public and private.

Brooklyn and Queens contain five of eleven senior colleges within CUNY , the public university system of New York City and one of the largest in the country.

Among these are the notable institutions of Brooklyn College and Queens College. Several colleges and universities within the State University of New York system are located on Long Island, such as Stony Brook which noted its health sciences research and medical center , as well as Nassau Community College and Suffolk County Community College that serve their respective counties.

Post campus , located on a former Gold Coast estate in Brookville , and a satellite campus in downtown Brooklyn.

Music on Long Island Nassau and Suffolk is strongly influenced by the proximity to New York City and by the youth culture of the suburbs. Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time.

Rock and pop singer Billy Joel grew up in Hicksville , Long Island and his youthful life there is reflected in some of his music.

The Nassau Coliseum and Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater are venues used by national touring acts as performance spaces for concerts.

It is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months. It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year which fills the stands.

People also park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches. Long Island is also known for its school music programs.

Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the statewide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups.

Long Island has historically been a center for fishing and seafood. This legacy continues in the Blue Point oyster , a now ubiquitous variety that was originally harvested on the Great South Bay and was the favorite oyster of Queen Victoria.

Clams are also a popular food and clam digging a popular recreational pursuit, with Manhattan clam chowder reputed to have Long Island origins.

Of land-based produce, Long Island duck has a history of national recognition since the 19th century, with four duck farms continuing to produce 2 million ducks a year as of [update].

In addition to Long Island's duck industry, Riverhead contains one of the largest buffalo farms on the East coast.

Long Island is well known for its production of alcoholic beverages. Eastern Long Island is a significant producer of wines. Vineyards are most heavily concentrated on Long Island's North Fork , which contains 38 wineries.

Most of these contain tasting rooms, which serve as popular tourist attractions for visitors from across the New York metropolitan area.

The largest of these is Blue Point Brewing Company , best known for its toasted lager. The eateries on Long Island are largely a product of the region's local ethnic populations.

Den 17 juni löpte Islands unionsavtal med Danmark ut. Efter en folkomröstning utropade sig landet som republik. Island är en öbildning genom vulkanism och detta präglar landets geologiska karaktär.

Bland öarna finner man Västmannaöarna vid sydkusten isländska Vestmannaeyjar , varav endast en ö, Hemön , är bebodd. Ostkusten berörs av en annan, nordostlig polarström.

Det centrala höglandet är den kallaste delen av Island. Det enda inhemska däggdjuret som fanns när människorna kom var fjällräven , som vid den senaste istiden invandrat till Island över det frusna havet.

Bland övriga däggdjur märks minken , som är inplanterad. Isbjörnar , drivande med isflak, har tillfälligt iakttagits utanför kusten. Sälar och valar är däremot vanliga; totalt har Island 17 olika valarter [ 12 ].

Detsamma gäller om presidenten är förhindrad, sjuk eller dylikt. Presidenten har formellt sett relativt starka maktbefogenheter.

Regeringen lade fram ett förslag om att ansöka om EU-medlemskap. Islands regering ansökte om EU-medlemskap den 17 juli Island har ingen egen försvarsmakt.

Landets strategiskt viktiga läge gav det dock en nyckelposition under det kalla kriget. Island var ett av de länder som var med och bildade Nato I april undertecknade Island och Norge ett avtal som innebär att Norge ska sörja för övervakning och försvar av Islands luftrum.

Den högsta tjänstegraden är överste. För närvarande finns sedan sex olika valkretsar. Bankerna satsade därefter internationellt och öppnade upp i andra länder och köpte även upp företag i bland annat Storbritannien och Skandinavien.

Ekonomin kraschade och tre banker gick i konkurs , med en ökande arbetslöshet som följd. Staten tog över bankerna Kaupthing, Landsbanki och Glitnir i ett försök att stabilisera ekonomin.

De hölls ansvariga för krisen och straffades för det. Alliansen och Vänstern-De gröna fick tillsammans majoritet i alltinget.

Under de senaste decennierna har utveckling även skett inom den isländska bioteknikindustrin , liksom inom den finansiella sektorn.

Efter finanskrisen införde Islands regering den 28 november kapitalkontroller, som hindrade fri rörlighet av kapital in och ut ur landet.

Den 14 mars lyftes kapitalkontrollerna igen. Landet har helt enkelt inte infört regeln om motorvägar i sin lagstiftning. Det finns till och med en fullständig motorvägskorsning , av fyrklövertyp.

Island einwohner em -

Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. Mitgliedstaaten des Nordischen Rates. Daher haben Mitglieder des dänischen Königshauses, die vor dem Es ist ganz sicher nichts dabei, ein paar Bier zu trinken und mit den Einheimischen ein Gespräch zu beginnen, aber wir empfehlen, tagsüber in die Natur und die Kultur des Landes einzutauchen und eher am Abend oder an Wochenenden zu trinken. Entzünde niemals ein offenes Feuer in der wilden Natur von Island! Sie befinden sich hier: Island hat ein umfassendes Netzwerk aus Fernbuslinien, betrieben von verschiedenen Anbietern. Hier gibt es allerdings weder Umkleidekabinen noch Duschen, und die meisten Gäste baden nackt! Was sind die optimalen Bedingungen für die Sichtung von Nordlichtern? Deswegen kam die Idee auf, für einige oder auch alle touristischen Attraktionen einen Naturpass oder Eintrittsgebühren einzuführen. Diese Kraterreihe erstreckt sich nördlich des Vatnajökull-Gletschers. Der Pool wird einmal im Jahr gereinigt. Du kannst dich für eine Eistunnel-Tour entscheiden oder sogar etwas ganz Extravagantes unternehmen und im Gletscher heiraten - es gibt eine kleine Kapelle im Inneren! Der Vorteil ist dabei, dass man gleich mehrere Routen und Ziele mit einem Ticket abdecken kann. Isländer wissen schon seit langem, wie man die Sonnenstunden optimal nutzt: Island steht im Viertelfinale. Wenn du eine Toilette brauchst, frage einfach höflich bei der nächsten Tankstelle, Bar, beim nächsten Restaurant oder Campingplatz danach. Kleine, in Gruppen stehende Steinhaufen wurden von schlecht informierten Touristen gebaut und zerstören den Boden darunter. Der offene Sand bietet keinen Schutz vor dem unvorhersehbaren Wetter, zieh dich also warm an!

Author: Teran

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